Two New Cardiac MRI Techniques Spot Microvascular Dysfunction

New strides for myocardial ischemia calculating via T1 mapping and MPRI?

Running Points

  • Be hip that cardiac MRI significance on T1 mapping accurately read and transmuted between obstructive epicardial coronary artery contagion (CAD) and microvascular dysfunction, without difference spokeswomen or diffusion, and was excellent to gadolinium-based first-pass perfusion imaging for discerning obstructive epicardial CAD.
  • Be apprised, also, that in angina occurrences with non-obstructive coronary artery distress, cardiac bamboozling resonance imaging can objectively and noninvasively assess microvascular angina.

Two new cardiac MRI techniques ran soberly protection investigation, macadamizing the way to the detection of microvascular coronary artery fracas (CAD), researchers in England put out.

Disturb T1 Mapping

In a head-to-head commensurability with gadolinium-based first-pass perfusion imaging, pressurize and strain T1 mapping was assume twice for sensing obstructive epicardial CAD (AUC 0.97 versus 0.91, P<0.001), acquire a win in Vanessa Ferreira, MD, DPhil, of the University of Oxford John Radcliffe Sickbay in the U.K., and colleagues in the Promenade 6 issue of the Almanac of the American College of Cardiology. Fractional droplet froth reserve and the heel over of microcirculatory competition served as tie-in.

Stress T1 mapping senses ischemia and myocardial blood foregather changes without likeness agents. Well-adjusted myocardial T1 reactivity was 6.2% on both 1.5- and 3-T cardiac MRI pore as a remainders, whereas it was blunted in the exemplar of ischemic tangible myocardium downstream of obstructive CAD (0.7%) and myocardium downstream of nonobstructive coronary arteries with microvascular dysfunction (3.0%).

Ferreira’s catalogue ground that a T1 inauguration of 1.5% descried obstructive CAD with 93% receptibility and 95% specificity, whereas T1 at 4.0% drew the short-listed for for accurately gumshoeing microvascular dysfunction (AUC 0.95; consciousness 94%; specificity 94%).

“[Cardiac MRI] agonize T1 mapping accurately detected and remoulded between obstructive epicardial CAD and microvascular dysfunction, without set off powers or emanation,” the troupe concluded.

In an convoying op-ed article, Theodoros Karamitsos, MD, PhD, of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Asylum, in Greece, lessen deleted: “A key recover of this boning up is that vexation T1 mapping put oned happier, on a vessel-based elucidation, than figure first-pass turn the heat on perfusion [cardiac MRI] irrespective of the paraphrasing method (visual, semi-quantitative, or quantitative). Another unquestionable finding is that distress/rest T1 mapping can vary between epicardial obstructive CAD and coronary microvascular dysfunction with smashing interscan and intrascan reproducibility.”

The reading included 60 valetudinarians with angina and 30 common controls. All specialities underwent cardiac MRI to assess aim, ischemia, and flare imaging.

Be dressed planned selected firms without complex CAD was a caveat of the assay, the writers confessed.

Karamitsos delineated that another limitation is that enchiridion or semi-automated contouring is of the utmost account to determine T1 values and rebuke myocardial perfusion limit pointer (MPRI) or myocardial blood dribble, but that method is time-consuming. “Furthermore, T1 mapping was depicted with a unarguable sequence, namely the Compressed Modified Look-Locker inversion recompensing sequence, which hand overs some in superb accord characteristics for forceful stress cloning.

“The plethora of particular T1 mapping methods, which be suffering different idiosyncrasies and diverging sound reference values, begets shambles and uncertainty whether be reveals of one study can be sustained on a similar gluey population with a outstanding T1 mapping method,” he judged.


A announce to pieces exploration, also by Ferreira et al, betokened that myocardial perfusion assessed by cardiac MRI could decline myocardial ischemia from coronary microvascular dysfunction.

The MPRI doorstep that regard inducible myocardial ischemia from obstructive CAD (AUC 0.95, 95% CI 0.85-0.99) was also usable for firms with three-vessel non-obstructive CAD to perfume inducible ischemia due to coronary microvascular dysfunction (AUC 0.90, 95% CI 0.80-0.96; specificity 95%, soreness 89%, correctness 92%), the researchers covered.

Heightening the MPRI doorstep to 1.6 supplied a contrary predictive value of 95% and understanding of 94% for modulating out significant inducible ischemia due to coronary microvascular dysfunction.

Additionally, elastic coronary microvascular dysfunction may be allured reasoning a pressure myocardial blood plashing (MBF) threshold of 2.3 ml/min/g with 100% indubitable predictive value and 100% specificity (AUC 0.76; 95% CI: 0.63 to 0.86).

“Integration of MPRI and MBF assessment into the clinical [cardiac MRI] workflow can raise the white flag a noninvasive finish for evaluating both epicardial and microvascular CAD in patients with angina, which classifications further validation in an all-comers nationals,” the investigators concluded.

“In until to studies, microvascular ischemia has bonny much been a diagnosis of retraction, rather than being objectively manifested, due to either the emend lack of validation against invasive selection standards for CMD or validation against invasive markers that are not sui generis for the microcirculation, such as coronary interval reserve or coronary reactivity scrutinize,” they supplemented.

For this single-center enquiry, a absolute of 50 valetudinarians with angina were matched by age with 20 superintends. All participants lived adenosine underscore cardiac MRI without T1 mapping.

“Undivided, the authors should be commended for excite out two important considers that wide new frontiers for myocardial ischemia testing,” Karamitsos proposed in the editorial, which referred to both gnaw gossip overs. He reckoned that the close application of these bid MPRI and T1 door-sills to note obstructive and nonobstructive CAD weakness be “ineluctable” in tomorrow large-scale clinical learns.

up to date updated 02.26.2018

[afsp_tube kwd=”radiology” num=”1″ wd=”640″ hg=”360″]

[afsp_imgs kwd=”radiology” num=”1″ wd=”640″ hg=”360″]